- Sensitivity to diapers or wipes
- Food sensitivities
- Excess moisture
- Bacteria or fungus
- Frequent diaper changes
- Good hygiene
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests the use of warm water to clean the diaper area during changes, should wet wipes not be enough. Creams or emollients can serve as a barrier between the skin and the diaper to prevent further chafing and to keep the skin dry in between changes.
Diapers should be changed every few hours and whenever they become soiled. Your child's provider will be able to tell you more if you notice a diaper rash that is persistent or not responding to frequent changes, good hygiene, and diaper creams. Oral medicines or medicated creams may be prescribed on a case-by-case basis. These steps should prevent more discomfort and make diaper changing time a more pleasant experience for everyone involved.
This condition causes dark brown patches to develop on the skin and is more common in women who are pregnant, as well as women who take birth control pills and/or spend time in the sun. You can often prevent melasma by simply wearing sunscreen and staying out of the sun, especially if you take birth control pills. However, those with more moderate to severe brown spots may be prescribed hydroquinone or tretinoin creams, to lighten these patches.
Instead of dark brown patches, vitiligo causes white patches to develop on the skin. As you might imagine, white patches of skin are very susceptible to sunburns, so you must protect your skin when outside. While this condition can’t be cured there are ways to improve the appearance of the skin through topical creams and medications, as well as light therapy. Your treatment options can be discussed further with your dermatologist.
This rare disorder results in a lack of melanin in the hair, skin, and eyes. This is why albinos are often very pale with light blue eyes and white hair. There is no way to reverse or cure this disorder; however, it is incredibly important for someone with albinism to protect their skin and eyes from sun exposure by wearing sunscreen, a hat, and sunglasses whenever they are outside.
In some cases, infections or burns can also cause a loss of melanin in certain areas of the face and body. While laser resurfacing, chemical peels, and other treatment options may improve the appearance, in these more minor cases, skin patches can be covered up with special cosmetics.
What are the signs and symptoms of folliculitis?
You could have folliculitis if you notice,
- Small red bumps that develop around hair follicles (most common on the legs)
- Bumps that contain pus
- Bumps that blister or burst open
- Tender, itchy, or burning skin around these bumps
What are the types of folliculitis?
There are different forms of folliculitis. The most common type is known as razor bumps, which you may notice around the groin or face, especially in those with naturally curly hair. “Hot tub” folliculitis is a bacterial infection that is often found in hot tubs (as well as heated pools) and can lead to a red, itchy, and bumpy rash.
Bacterial folliculitis is a common form and is characterized by whitehead-like or pus-filled bumps. This is a sign of a Staph infection and should be treated by a dermatologist as soon as possible.
How is folliculitis treated?
A lot will depend on the cause; however, treatment is often necessary if the infection doesn’t go away within a few days. Bacterial infections will respond best to antibiotics while yeast infections and other fungi will require antifungal medications. Of course, there are a ton of skin conditions and infections that can cause similar symptoms, so it’s always best to see a dermatologist before trying over-the-counter remedies.
If you notice any signs of a new or worsening skin infection, it’s always a good idea to turn to your dermatologist right away for a proper evaluation and to make sure you get the appropriate treatment you need to get rid of the infection fast.
If you feel stressed over unsightly moles, scars, boils, acne, or excessive body hair, now is the time to visit Dr. Joseph Eastern of Belleville Dermatology Center, your dermatologist in Belleville, NJ, for a variety of treatments.
What is a Dermatologist?
A doctor who specializes in the treatment of the skin, hair, or nails is a dermatologist. After 12 years of study, dermatologists can diagnose and treat thousands of conditions such as skin cancers, acne, or alopecia.
Your dermatologist in our Belleville, NJ office provides microdermabrasion to reduce your acne spots, applies Botox to smooth wrinkles, and conducts laser hair removal treatments.
How Often Should I Visit?
The skin is the largest organ in the body and can suffer from a range of problems due to heredity reasons, lifestyle, or age. We should see you at our office at least once a year for a skin cancer screening.
Chronic conditions such as acne, eczema, or psoriasis may require more frequent visits depending on the severity of your condition. Your licensed physician recommends that you come in for a skin cancer screening more than once a year if you:
- Have several moles on your body
- Have a suspicious-looking mole that should be monitored
- Have a family history of skin cancer
- Are very fair-skinned
- Have a job that requires long periods of time outdoors
- Have a compromised immune system
Any procedure that involves laser treatment such as stretch mark removal or hair removal will require several visits. Most patients will need at least three to five laser treatments for the successful reduction of stretch marks.
Dermatology visits should be a normal part of your health maintenance. Practice preventative care and don't wait until your skin has an issue to visit a professional.
Whether you prefer to visit once a year or once a month, call (973) 751-1200 to book your appointment. Dr. Eastern of The Belleville Dermatology Center, your experienced dermatologist in Belleville, NJ, can help keep your skin healthy.
Your body is covered in sebaceous glands, which produce oil known as sebum that covers the hair and skin. If a gland’s duct becomes damaged or block, a sebaceous cyst can form (most often the result of trauma).
Sebaceous cysts are often painless, fluid-filled noncancerous bumps that most often develop on the neck, face, or back. They are not dangerous and they are typically slow growing; however, it is possible for them to grow large enough or to develop in an uncomfortable area of the body, particularly if they aren’t being monitored by a dermatologist.
It can be difficult to pinpoint the differences between a sebaceous cyst and other types of cysts, which is why it’s a good idea to turn to a dermatologist for an evaluation. Some signs that it’s a sebaceous cyst include:
- A white or yellow lump in the skin
- A lump that’s soft to the touch
- A lump that’s often painless, but may become uncomfortable
If the cyst isn’t infected then treatment is rarely required; however, depending on the size and location of the cyst, and whether it’s uncomfortable, your dermatologist may recommend surgically removing it.
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