Posts for category: Skin Conditions
Wondering what’s causing those itchy red spots and whether you should see a dermatologist about your rash? Most rashes are harmless and usually go away on their own; however, some rashes may require further treatment. Here are some of the different kinds of rashes and how they are treated,
Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema causes a red itchy and weepy rash to develop. While eczema can develop just about anywhere on the body it is more common on the elbows, face, neck, and ankles. It’s important to recognize triggers (e.g. dry skin; pet dander; household cleaners) to reduce flare-ups.
Over-the-counter medications such as antihistamines can be used to manage flare-ups; however, you may want to turn to a dermatologist for steroid creams, light therapy, and other treatment options to better manage your eczema.
Has your child developed an intensely itchy rash all over their body and face? If they haven’t been vaccinated against chickenpox than this viral infection may be to blame for these insanely itchy spots. Chickenpox is a highly contagious infection that appears most often in school-age children. The rash may itch and ooze for a couple of days before crusting over.
It usually takes about a week for a chickenpox rash to go away. If you suspect that your child might have chickenpox it’s important that you see a doctor as soon as possible. While the infection will just need to run its course there are ways to ease symptoms at home through special ointments, creams, and soothing oatmeal baths.
Hives or urticaria causes red itchy welts to appear. These flat bumps can be extremely itchy and may continue to disappear and appear over the course of several hours. Most cases of hives usually go away within 12 hours. Stress, drugs, food allergies, insect stings, and bites, and certain infections can also trigger hives.
While most acute cases of hives will go away, if you are dealing with symptoms that last more than six weeks or are accompanied by trouble breathing, facial swelling or other signs of a serious allergic reaction it’s important that you see a doctor immediately.
This is another common and harmless rash that appears during those hot, humid days. A heat rash will usually appear suddenly and is characterized as a cluster of red, pimple-like bumps. They can appear anywhere on the face or body but are most often found on the arms, chest, or groin. Taking an over-the-counter antihistamine may help manage the itching. It’s also important to find a cooler environment and to wear lightweight clothes with breathable fabrics.
Notice a red, burning scaly rash between your toes? If so, this could be a fungal infection known as athlete’s foot. There are over-the-counter antifungal creams that can be applied directly to the infection to kill the fungus. If over-the-counter antifungal medications aren’t providing you with relief or if you’re unsure whether you have athlete’s foot it’s important that you see a dermatologist.
If you are dealing with a painful, widespread, or persistent rash it may be time to see your dermatologist to find out what’s going on. If in doubt, give your doctor a call. Based on your symptoms we can determine whether or not you should come into the office.
If you’ve suddenly noticed your skin breaking out in a red, itchy rash, you could be dealing with dermatitis, a common skin condition that often leads to a red, swollen rash, or dry and intensely itchy skin. Sometimes dermatitis can even cause oozing or scaling blisters to form. This condition may be embarrassing but don’t worry—it isn’t contagious.
The most common types of dermatitis include:
- Contact dermatitis: occurs when an allergen comes in contact with your skin
- Eczema or atopic dermatitis: most commonly inherited
- Dyshidrotic dermatitis: often appears on the hands and feet
- Seborrheic dermatitis: a type of dermatitis that often affects the scalp (dandruff)
The causes really depend on the type of dermatitis you have. For example, contact dermatitis occurs when you come in contact with an allergen such as certain detergents, poison ivy, or nickel. Eczema most often runs in families and occurs more frequently in those with allergies or asthma.
With dermatitis, it is common to experience flare-ups with bouts of remission. Common symptom triggers include environmental or hormonal changes, stress, or certain irritants (e.g. new detergents; perfumes).
Since the symptoms of dermatitis are similar to other skin conditions, it is important to see a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis. Some types of dermatitis can be diagnosed through a simple physical exam; however, if your dermatologist believes that your symptoms are due to an allergic reaction, then allergy testing may be necessary to determine what’s causing your dermatitis.
Those with mild symptoms may find relief through over-the-counter antihistamines and topical creams to stop itching and redness; however, a dermatologist can create a customized treatment plan based on the type of dermatitis you are dealing with and your symptoms. Along with home care (e.g. oatmeal baths; cold compresses) and over-the-counter medications, a dermatologist may also prescribe stronger antihistamines, topical steroids, or oral medication to ease more serious flare-ups.
Your dermatologist can also discuss ways to prevent flare-ups including treating and preventing dry skin, using a proper moisturizer, and implementing necessary dietary changes. Some patients also find that alternative therapies such as acupuncture or massage therapy help reduce the number and severity of flare-ups.
If you are experiencing symptoms of dermatitis, it is important that you see your dermatologist right away for care. The sooner you seek treatment the sooner you will experience relief.
Ready for a younger-looking you? Find out how Botox and fillers could help.
Turning back the hands of time is something we would all like to do. While Dr. Joseph Eastern, your dermatologist here at Belleville Dermatology Center, may not have the key to staying young forever, he and his team do offer some amazing cosmetic treatments such as Botox and dermal fillers, that can refresh and rejuvenate your appearance and target those early signs of aging.
What is Botox?
Botox is a medical-grade neurotoxin that is injected into the muscles of the face to temporarily stop muscle contractions, which in turn smooths away dynamic lines and wrinkles. Any lines or wrinkles that form when you smile are ones that can be treated with Botox. This includes:
- Crow’s feet (lines around the eyes)
- Marionette or laugh lines (lines around the mouth and nose)
- Forehead wrinkles
- Wrinkles and lines between the eyebrows
What are Dermal Fillers?
Fillers are cosmetic injectables that contain a special substance, typically hyaluronic acid, that helps to plump up and volumize the skin while also improving skin’s texture and tone. Fillers are a simple anti-aging treatment that can smooth away lines, wrinkles, and creases while volumizing areas (e.g. cheeks) that have lost their density due to aging. Some dermal fillers can even plump up and enhance the lips.
Can Botox and Fillers Be Used Together?
Our Belleville, NJ, cosmetic dermatologists offer both Botox and dermal fillers because they work differently to offer incredible but unique results. Someone who has deep-rooted crow’s feet may benefit more from Botox while someone who has sunken cheeks may find that dermal fillers work better for the results they are looking for.
Of course, Botox and dermal fillers may also be used in conjunction with one another to both smooth away lines and wrinkles while also enhancing skin’s volume.
Interested? Give Us a Call
If you are living in Belleville, NJ, and you have been looking for a way to improve your appearance, then Botox and fillers could be the treatment you’ve been looking for. Call The Belleville Dermatology Center today at (973) 751-1200 to schedule an evaluation with our dermatologist, Dr. Eastern.
Skin cancer affects more adults in the U.S. than any other type of cancer. Early detection of skin cancer can result in a better prognosis since treatment can begin early before cancer spreads. One way to detect skin cancer early is by undergoing a skin cancer screening regularly. At The Belleville Dermatology Center in Belleville, skin cancer screenings are performed by Dr. Joseph Eastern and our dermatology staff.
What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
There are several factors that can increase your risk of developing skin cancer, such as having a weakened immune system. Everyone should undergo an annual skin cancer screening, but it is especially critical for patients with any of the following risk factors:
- Family history of skin cancer
- History of past sunburns
- Excessive sun exposure
- History of using tanning beds
- Not using sunscreen regularly
- Having several moles on the skin
- Having fair skin
How can skin cancer screenings help?
Skin cancer screenings at our Belleville dermatology practice can help save your life. All skin cancer is serious, but some types are especially of concern. For example, melanoma is a rare type of skin cancer but is the most deadly. During a skin cancer screening, our dermatologist looks for possible signs of skin cancer. The earlier skin cancer is detected, the sooner treatment can begin and the easier it is to stop cancer from spreading.
What signs do you look for during a skin cancer screening?
There are several signs our dermatologist looks for when conducting a skin cancer screening. These signs can be an indication that skin cancer might be present. If you have had regular screenings, one sign that will be looked for is any change in your skin since your last screening. Other signs the dermatologist will look for include:
- Changes in the size, shape, or color of existing moles
- The formation of new moles on the skin
- Sudden itching or bleeding of existing moles
- The development of speckled brown spots on the skin
- Patches of pink or red scaly lesions on the skin
- Waxy, translucent cone-shaped growths on the skin
- Black or brown streaks under the fingernails or toenails
What happens if skin cancer is suspected during a screening?
If any signs of possible skin cancer are observed during a skin cancer screening, a biopsy can be performed to determine if cancer cells are present. If cancer is present, then a course of treatment will be recommended. Different treatment options are available and the appropriate course of treatment can depend on the type of skin cancer, as well as the seriousness of it. Skin cancer treatments include prescription medicated creams, radiation therapy, surgical excision, curettage and desiccation, cryosurgery, and Mohs micrographic surgery.
Undergoing skin cancer screenings regularly helps with early detection of the disease. Early detection is important for stopping the cancer from spreading. For skin cancer screenings in Belleville, NJ, schedule an appointment with Dr. Eastern by calling The Belleville Dermatology Center at (973) 751-1200.
Find out what’s causing your acne so you know how to best treat the root problem.
Treating acne isn’t always simple. In fact, it can be downright frustrating. While there are certainly products that can shorten the lifespan of a pimple or reduce redness these are quick fixes and aren’t designed to address the underlying problem. Learn more about what causes acne and the treatment options that our Belleville, NJ, dermatologist Dr. Joseph Eastern offers.
What causes acne?
The bacteria that live on the skin are often to blame for acne. It’s when a follicle gets block that oil builds up under the skin and causes acne. There are many factors that can trigger acne, but one of the most common triggers is hormones. Increased androgens (which is turned into estrogen in women) can cause oil glands to grow and produce more oil, which can lead to more bacteria.
Other causes of acne may be:
- Emotional stress
- Greasy/oily cosmetic
- Certain medications
How is acne treated?
The most effective treatment option will depend on the type and severity of your acne. For example, those dealing with mild acne in Belleville, NJ, may be able to get their acne under control with over-the-counter acne medications and cleansers. These products may contain any of these acne-fighting ingredients:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid
- Azelaic acid
Most products can take up to eight weeks or more to see results. If you aren’t getting relief from your acne symptoms despite months of trying over-the-counter products then you’ll want to turn to our dermatologist for a stronger oral or topical medication. Some ways to treat acne include:
- Oralcontraceptives: This medication can help control acne in women whose acne is influenced by their hormone levels. These medications aren’t right for all women so you’ll want to talk with your doctor first.
- Oral antibiotics: Antibiotics may be prescribed for several months to treat moderate-to-severe forms of acne by reducing the amount of acne-causing bacteria on the skin. It can also reduce inflammation caused by breakouts.
- Topical antimicrobials: Sometimes topical medications can reduce bacteria and improve more serious acne symptoms. Topical retinoids can unclog pores and prevent the formation of whiteheads and blackheads.
- Isotretinoin: This medication is only prescribed to patients dealing with severe cystic acne that isn’t responding to other treatment options. This is a very strong medication with potentially serious side effects so it’s important to talk with your dermatologist about the risks before deciding whether this medication is right for you.
Are you living with acne in Belleville, NJ, and having trouble treating the problem yourself? If so, call The Belleville Dermatology Center today to schedule a consultation. Get one step closer to clearer skin.