Find out what’s causing your acne so you know how to best treat the root problem.
Treating acne isn’t always simple. In fact, it can be downright frustrating. While there are certainly products that can shorten the lifespan of a pimple or reduce redness these are quick fixes and aren’t designed to address the underlying problem. Learn more about what causes acne and the treatment options that our Belleville, NJ, dermatologist Dr. Joseph Eastern offers.
What causes acne?
The bacteria that live on the skin are often to blame for acne. It’s when a follicle gets block that oil builds up under the skin and causes acne. There are many factors that can trigger acne, but one of the most common triggers is hormones. Increased androgens (which is turned into estrogen in women) can cause oil glands to grow and produce more oil, which can lead to more bacteria.
Other causes of acne may be:
- Emotional stress
- Greasy/oily cosmetic
- Certain medications
How is acne treated?
The most effective treatment option will depend on the type and severity of your acne. For example, those dealing with mild acne in Belleville, NJ, may be able to get their acne under control with over-the-counter acne medications and cleansers. These products may contain any of these acne-fighting ingredients:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid
- Azelaic acid
Most products can take up to eight weeks or more to see results. If you aren’t getting relief from your acne symptoms despite months of trying over-the-counter products then you’ll want to turn to our dermatologist for a stronger oral or topical medication. Some ways to treat acne include:
- Oralcontraceptives: This medication can help control acne in women whose acne is influenced by their hormone levels. These medications aren’t right for all women so you’ll want to talk with your doctor first.
- Oral antibiotics: Antibiotics may be prescribed for several months to treat moderate-to-severe forms of acne by reducing the amount of acne-causing bacteria on the skin. It can also reduce inflammation caused by breakouts.
- Topical antimicrobials: Sometimes topical medications can reduce bacteria and improve more serious acne symptoms. Topical retinoids can unclog pores and prevent the formation of whiteheads and blackheads.
- Isotretinoin: This medication is only prescribed to patients dealing with severe cystic acne that isn’t responding to other treatment options. This is a very strong medication with potentially serious side effects so it’s important to talk with your dermatologist about the risks before deciding whether this medication is right for you.
Are you living with acne in Belleville, NJ, and having trouble treating the problem yourself? If so, call The Belleville Dermatology Center today to schedule a consultation. Get one step closer to clearer skin.